For the past 100 years or so, modern physics has been focused on two or three primary classes of entities that are considered fundamental. The first of these are forces, namely those called the strong force, the weak force, the electromagnetic force, and outside of these and not easily determined to be connected to them, gravity. Perhaps because these have appeared to be so variable, some unidirectional and some not, they have come to called interactions, a more universal terminology.
The second is the concept, now about three thousand years old, of what the ancients called atoms and we now call particles, currently numbering upwards of sixty separate and unique varieties. We assume these to be the fundamental elements of what we call matter, even though no one has yet seen one.
The third is the concept of fields, those observable but not directly visible, often evanescent phenomena we detect by their effects around electric currents, magnets and the like. The theory of the simple universe deals with these entities in a totally different way, and here is how. Let’s take them in reverse order.
Fields are fundamental in modern physics as the origins of useful energy. In both classical and modern (quantum) physics they are seen as being created by the movement of what are called charged particles through space, sometime called the vacuum or the void, basically the perceived emptiness that surrounds and permeates the universe. The playing out of this assumption has resulted in assertions such as those of Quantum Field Theory (QFT) that each of the unique subatomic particles carries with it a unique field and that these fields interact generating the properties and behaviors we observe. The theory of the simple universe (TSU) sees this in a different way.
TSU asserts that That perceived emptiness, the void, or vacuum, that we refer to as space in fact consists of one field, for all practical purposes limitless in its extent, that surrounds and permeates our finite universe and any others that we may ultimately discover. This field is characterized by high energy, high frequency (perhaps as high as 1/h) and its low entropy. It is at the same time not entirely uniform but characterized by turbulence, even like our atmosphere, out of which while it often seems benign and uniform occur countless random incidents of reverberation, resonance, and reinforcement. Out of this underlying turbulence can arise random reverberations and resonances resulting in higher energy concentrations, cells, or as Einstein conjectured, “condensations in the ether.” It is likely that most of these do not prosper but disappear back into randomness. However, those that achieve a measure of stability may ultimately generate orderly, persistent, and stable entities which by simple rules of structure (which may include behaviors like those of cellular automata, phase transitions, attraction, aggregation, assimilation, folding, and others), result in observable stable entities which both classical and modern physicists have mistakenly identified and labeled as atoms and even smaller particles. From this beginning it can be easily seen that the potential for growth exists on up to the largest observable entities, stars, galaxies and clusters that populate our known universe. So, instead of thousands of unique fields and thousands of interactions, there is one field, giving birth to concentrations of energy, which we now know as the real, fundamental, as Lucretius called them, “first beginnings.”
TSU sees the multiplicity of unique fields posited by QFT not as separate entities but as simply distortions, perturbations in the primary EM field, caused by and surrounding the concentrations of energy making up fundamental foci.
Jumping to the issue of particles then, TSU effectively denies their existence as the so-called building blocks of reality. There are no hadrons, no baryons, no fermions, no quarks, nor any magnetons or gravitons that some have proposed in their desire to explain the other fundamental entity, that of forces. These are effectively replaced by the concentrated points of high energy, not “particles.” The “tracks’ that researchers have seen as the only known evidence of such entities will be seen more as wrinkles in what some have called the “fabric of the universe.”
What then, are forces, the third fundamental of modern physics? Well, one can now see them as simply emergent properties inherent in the distortions, the perturbations of the ether occurring as the result of the presence of the high energy concentrations we have described. One can also see that motion is a fundamental property of the universe. All “bodies” are constantly in motion and since the field distortions that generate what we have mistakenly identified as forces are also in motion, we can see the possible source of polarity and the positive/negative nature of those “forces” as a result of that motion.
The EM field, the ether, is a turbulent place and that turbulence is fundamental to the birth of new points of coherence and stability as well as the birth of new stars. And each point of apparent order contributes to that turbulence even as it emerges as a point of (temporary) stability, as did our universe, our galaxy, our star the Sun, and our planet, even though as we, with our exceedingly brief existence, “temporary” may mean billions of years.